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Aging and Elder Dependent Adult Abuse

1.  Which of the following are physical changes associated with aging?
A) neurons in the brain decrease
B) the size of the heart increases
C) the kidneys shrink
D) All of the Above
2.  Among older adults, what is the leading cause of injuries and hospital admissions?
A) falls
B) car accidents
C) overdose
3.  The average life expectancy in the United States today is?
A) close to 60
B) close to 65
C) close to 77
D) close to 90
4.  What are the physical ailments associated with excessive drinking?
A) gastrointestinal complaints
B) panic attacks
C) hypoglycemia
D) All of the Above
5.  Common symptoms of Alzheimers disease include what?
A) psychosis
B) agitation
C) wandering
D) All of the Above
6.  Pharmacodynamics refers to what?
A) to a drug’s effect on its target organ
B) to the dynamic relationship between a pharmacist and patient
C) to the interaction between medications
7.  A geriatric psychiatrist is a medical doctor with special training in what?
A) the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders in the elderly
B) family medicine
C) a doctor that mediates estate plans
8.  Ageism is reflected in what?
A) employment discrimination
B) patronizing attitudes
C) negative media images
D) all of the above
9.  If a patient is having trouble bathing, managing finances, or driving, what should be done first?
A) talk with a pastor
B) consult with a doctor
C) consult an attorney
10.  What percentage of Long Term Care is received in a home-like setting?
A) 15%
B) 30%
C) 50%
D) 80%
11.  The average cost of a semi-private nursing home bed is how much per year?
A) $10,000
B) $15,000
C) $50,000
D) $150,000
12.  Elderly adults often are reluctant to accept help from loved ones because?
A) they feel threatened
B) they fear losing their independence
C) they feel unloved
13.  What are signs that the elderly person may need extra attention?
A) there is difficulty in doing basic tasks
B) poor hygiene
C) changes in health including weight loss
D) all of the above
14.  Assisted living is usually available where?
A) in large apartments
B) in board and care homes
C) both of the above
15.  Long-term care ombudsmen are advocates for what?
A) families of the elderly
B) residents of assisted living facilities
C) the elderly with alcohol addiction
16.  Failure of a mandated reporter to report elder abuse is what?
A) a misdemeanor
B) a felony
C) non-punishable
17.  What individuals are at risk to fare poorly during the retirement phase?
A) individuals who typically do not want to retire
B) individuals who are compelled to retire because of poor health
C) individuals who experience a significant decline in their standard of living
D) all of the above
18.  Research has shown that caregivers often are at increased risk for?
A) depression
B) illness
C) both of the above
19.  For the elderly, bereavement is very much a part of life.
A) True
B) False
20.  There are many reactions to loss, including emotional and physiological changes as well as changes in social relations.
A) True
B) False
21.  Bereavement can exacerbate existing illness and appears to have a role in precipitating new illness.
A) True
B) False
22.  Especially among the elderly, the death of a spouse is likely to result in substantially reduced income and may necessitate significant changes in life style.
A) True
B) False
23.  The elderly are also more likely to experience several deaths within a short period of time.
A) True
B) False
24.  Among the frail elderly, the death of a spouse often results in institutionalization.
A) True
B) False
25.  The death of one sibling often results in a realignment of responsibilities among the surviving children.
A) True
B) False
26.  In addition to the emotional impact, an adult child's death may leave the elderly without a caretaker.
A) True
B) False
27.  Most hospice bereavement programs are directed, and heavily dominated by lay people who have themselves been bereaved.
A) True
B) False
28.  For people who experience pathological or distorted grief reactions or who feel overwhelmed by their grief, professional mental health intervention may be warranted.
A) True
B) False
29.  The most common therapeutic approach to assisting bereaved individuals is the cognitive behavior orientation?
A) True
B) False
30.  When the patient for whom one has cared die, the grief experienced by caregivers is very real.
A) True
B) False
31.  Compassion fatigue involves and arises as a function of exposure to both primary and secondary traumatic stress.
A) True
B) False
32.  Patients are entitled to complete information about their illness and how it may affect their lives, and they have the right to share or withhold that information from others.
A) True
B) False
33.  End-of-life care is a general term that refers to the medical and psychosocial care given in the advanced or terminal stages of illness.
A) True
B) False
34.  A living will is a set of instructions documenting a person's wishes about medical care intended to sustain life.
A) True
B) False
35.  A health care proxy is an agent (a person) appointed to make a patient's medical decisions if the patient is unable to do so.
A) True
B) False