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Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders

1.  The brain contains approximately 100 billion nerve cells, or neurons, and many more supporting cells, or ganglia.
A) True
B) False
2.  A neurotransmitter can elicit a biological effect in the postsynaptic neuron by binding to a protein called a neurotransmitter receptor.
A) True
B) False
3.  The brain is static.
A) True
B) False
4.  Every time a person learns something new, whether it is conscious or unconscious, that experience alters the structure of the brain.
A) True
B) False
5.  The manifestations of mental disorders vary with age, gender, race, and culture.
A) True
B) False
6.  Anxiety is one of the most readily accessible and easily understood of the major symptoms of mental disorders.
A) True
B) False
7.  Anxiety has evolved as a vitally important physiological response to dangerous situations that prepares one to evade or confront a threat in the environment.
A) True
B) False
8.  Disturbances of perception and thought process fall into a broad category of symptoms referred to as psychosis.
A) True
B) False
9.  Hallucinations are said to occur when an individual experiences a sensory impression that has no basis in reality.
A) True
B) False
10.  Hallucinations may be auditory, olfactory, gustatory, kinesthetic, tactile, or visual.
A) True
B) False
11.  Auditory hallucinations frequently involve the impression that one is hearing a voice.
A) True
B) False
12.  A delusion is a false belief that an individual holds despite evidence to the contrary.
A) True
B) False
13.   Hallucinations and delusions are among the least commonly observed psychotic symptoms.
A) True
B) False
14.  Blunting of affect refers to a general reduction in the ability to express emotion.
A) True
B) False
15.  Anhedonia reflects a deficit in the ability to experience pleasure and to react appropriately to pleasurable situations.
A) True
B) False
16.  Disturbances of mood characteristically manifest themselves as a sustained feeling of sadness or sustained elevation of mood.
A) True
B) False
17.  Cognitive function refers to the general ability to organize, process, and recall information.
A) True
B) False
18.  Progressive deterioration of cognitive function is referred to as dementia.
A) True
B) False
19.   The precise causes of most mental disorders is known.
A) True
B) False
20.  According to Engel’s model, biopsychosocial factors are involved in the causes, manifestation, course, and outcome of health and disease, including mental disorders.
A) True
B) False
21.   Twin studies often compare the frequency with which identical versus fraternal twins display a disorder.
A) True
B) False
22.  Freud’s structural model of personality divides the personality into three parts, the id, the ego, and the superego.
A) True
B) False
23.  Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or attenuated, depending on its association with positive or negative consequences.
A) True
B) False
24.  John Bowlby’s reinterpretation of Freudian development is grounded in both Darwinian evolutionary theory and animal ethology.
A) True
B) False
25.  Mental disorders are not treatable.
A) True
B) False
26.  The placebo effect refers to the powerful role of patients’ attitudes and perceptions that help them improve and recover from health problems.
A) True
B) False
27.  It is not unusual for a placebo effect to be found in up to 50 percent of patients in any study of a medical treatment.
A) True
B) False
28.  Most people with mental disorders seek treatment.
A) True
B) False
29.  The U.S. mental health system is well equipped to meet the needs of racial and ethnic minority populations.
A) True
B) False
30.  Culturally rooted traditions of religious beliefs and practices carry important consequences for willingness to seek mental health services.
A) True
B) False
31.  There is mounting awareness that ethnic and cultural influences can alter an individual’s responses to medications.
A) True
B) False